With my current Work In Progress, I’m wrestling with a major genre decision that will frame my entire narrative. On the surface, the choice to make my main character 16 or 18 seems inconsequential, but that choice could very well determine in what genre my story gets slotted. Young Adult (YA) or New Adult (NA).
Young-adult fiction or young adult literature (often abbreviated as YA), also juvenile fiction, is fiction written, published, or marketed to adolescents and young adults, although recent studies show that 55% of young-adult fiction is purchased by readers over 18 years of age. The Young Adult Library Services Association (YALSA) of the American Library Association (ALA) defines a young adult as someone between the ages of twelve and eighteen. Authors and readers of young adult (YA) novels often define the genre as literature as traditionally written for ages ranging from twelve years up to the age of eighteen, while some publishers may market young adult literature to as low as age ten or as high as age twenty-five.
The New Adult genre is something that has developed in recent years. The term is credited to St. Martin’s Press in 2009. Here’s what the all-knowing Wikipedia says about the new genre:
New Adult (NA) fiction is a developing genre of fiction with protagonists in the 18-25 age bracket. The term was first coined by St. Martin’s Press in 2009 when they held a special call for “…fiction similar to YA that can be published and marketed as adult—a sort of an ‘older YA’ or ‘new adult’.” New Adult fiction tends to focus on issues such as leaving home, developing sexuality, and negotiating education and career choices. The genre has gained popularity rapidly over the last few years…
The genre was originally met with some criticism, as some viewed it as a marketing scheme,while others claimed the readership was not there to publish the material.In contrast, others claimed that the term was necessary, with a publicist for HarperCollins saying that it “is a convenient label because it allows parents and bookstores and interested readers to know what is inside”. It has now become widely accepted with most traditional publishers now publishing NA books and Goodreads, Amazon and Kobo adding it as an official category.
So, in my effort to understand these genres, I’ve come across four common pitfalls of Young Adult writing that I’ll share with you.
- Young Adult Protagonists that are more Adult than Young
- The Narrative Lecture
- Clichéd Characters
- Action-less Introspection
An important element of crafting the Young Adult novel is putting a compelling young adult protagonist through an unforgettable problem. The danger there, as an adult writer, is staying, to borrow a term from drama, “in character”. It’s a challenge to develop and maintain an authentic teenaged Voice, avoiding even the slightest adult insight to creep into the perspective. It’s critical to avoid any adult details, and to make sure the MC can’t easily navigate obvious adult situations.
Avoid the Narrative Lecture is important, too. My teenaged students have never enjoyed lectures of any kind, so to slide out a soap box and pontificate from atop it would be a quick way to lose your audience. As authors, we have to avoid that moralizing that would turn off our target audience. We should strive to embrace complexity, perhaps folding in a few different points of view for the MC to deal with.
Clichéd Characters are a major No-No in any genre, not just YA. But when we’re talking YA, some of the clichés include the Loner Teen, the Nerd and the Deadbeat Parents. I’m sure there are more, but we’ve seen too many of these in YA already. For the story, it’s key to have not only a three-dimensional MC, but also a nice supporting cast of 3D characters. The MC should have a few friends they can lean on throughout their journey, like Sidekicks, a common aspect to Joseph Campbell’s Monomyth.
The Brooding Teen might be a clichéd character to avoid, and the simple act of brooding might be something to excise from your narrative as well. Sure, teens do plenty of brooding. They may enjoy isolating themselves. But if that’s the bulk of the story, I think the reader might find it all too boring to continue. As writers, we need to keep our MC (and by extension the reader) engaged. Keep them moving, talking, anything other than sitting in their bedroom listening to classic rock.
So, dear reader, what do you think? What else should we writers avoid when crafting our next YA work?
- The Early Axe: 5 Successful YA Book Series That Never Made It Past Book No. 1 on the Big Screen (leannegrace.wordpress.com)
- The Increasing Popularity of Young Adult Literature Among Adults (amberskyeforbes.wordpress.com)
- Young Adult Fiction Writing Competition (bunnie0807.wordpress.com)
- Common Themes for Young Adult Books (homework.answers.com)
- I admit it: I’m addicted to YA fiction (kelpandpearls.wordpress.com)
- How YA saved my life (amaliegreenway.wordpress.com)
- Is this Young Adult Literature? (siueyalit.wordpress.com)
- I’m not understanding this thing called “YA voice”. (sarahrebecca58.wordpress.com)